Cipro (Ciprofloxacin)

What is Cipro? Ciprofloxacin is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial drug. Belongs to the group of fluoroquinolones. Cipro is a bactericidal drug. The components included in the drug actively suppress microorganisms, including even those that are temporarily at rest.

What is Cipro used for?

Ciprofloxacin is prescribed for the treatment of various diseases, but most often, the antibiotic is used for acute and chronic infectious pathologies, the main causative agent of which is bacteria. The drug shows high efficiency in the fight against staphylococci, mycoplasma, chlamydia, and various mycobacteria. This remedy is also used in modern surgery since Ciprofloxacin helps the body recover faster after surgery. Also, the drug in the form of injections and injections is prescribed to eliminate purulent pathologies, and skin inflammatory processes. The medicine also helps with an acute form of sepsis. As a means of additional therapy, the drug is used in the field of pulmonology. Cipro also helps with lung diseases: pneumonia, pleurisy, abscess. Among other pathologies in which Cipro helps:

  • any form of otitis;
  • diseases in the field of urology,
  • including cystitis, prostatitis, pyelonephritis;
  • dysentery and salmonellosis;
  • anaerobic or aerobic infections;
  • inflammation after treatment or tooth extraction.

How does Cipro work?

Cipro works by interfering with a type of enzyme known as DNA gyrase, which is responsible for untwisting the double-stranded DNA molecule so that the genetic information within it may be replicated and expressed. By inhibiting this enzyme, Cipro prevents bacteria from replicating and growing, thereby killing them off. It also inhibits the enzymes involved in the repair of bacterial cell walls, further weakening their ability to survive and reproduce. In addition, Cipro can also inhibit some of the proteins involved in bacterial communication between cells and alter their behavior, making them more susceptible to attack by antibiotics. Finally, Cipro is able to penetrate deeply into bacterial cells and denature essential proteins needed for bacterial growth.

Instructions for using Cipro The treatment regimen with this drug depends on the disease and its severity. For example, in the treatment of urinary tract pathologies, 200-500 mg of the drug is prescribed twice a day. For more severe pathologies, the dosage can be increased to 750 mg. If, for some reason, it is impossible to take medicines in the form of tablets, injections can be prescribed, which is not only more convenient but also more effective. There are also several rules for taking Ciprofloxacin: Tablets can be taken at any convenient time, regardless of food intake, however, when taken on an empty stomach, the absorption of the main components is accelerated. The medicine should be taken with plenty of water. The dosage and duration of treatment should be determined by the attending physician, who will take into account the type of disease, the age and weight of the patient, and the state of health. The maximum dose of the drug should be 1500 mg per day. The total duration of treatment is from one to two weeks, in difficult cases, therapy can be increased up to two months.

How long does Cipro stay in your system?

Cipro is a powerful antibiotic medication that is used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections. It has been shown to be effective in fighting off many kinds of bacteria, including those responsible for causing common respiratory illnesses like bronchitis and pneumonia. When taken correctly, Cipro can remain in the body for up to three days following its last dose. However, this timeline may vary depending on individual factors such as age, overall health, and renal status. For instance, people with impaired kidney function may take longer to remove Cipro from their bodies due to decreased excretion capacity. Additionally, traces of Cipro can sometimes be found in urine or blood tests up to five days after its last use. That said, it’s best to consult with your doctor before taking Cipro in order to understand how long you should expect it to stay in your system. Furthermore, individuals taking Cipro should follow the recommended dosage instructions carefully so as not to increase their risk of side effects or other complications associated with the improper use of antibiotics.


When taking Cipro, it is important to take certain precautions. First and foremost, Cipro should only be taken as prescribed by a doctor or healthcare provider. Additionally, patients with kidney disease may need to take lower doses of the medication due to its longer elimination time from their system. It’s also important for people taking Cipro to avoid exposure to direct sunlight or UV light while on the drug, as this can increase their risk of sunburns and skin reactions. Finally, it is recommended that individuals inform their doctor about any other medications they are currently taking prior to starting treatment with Cipro in order to reduce the potential for interactions between drugs. By following these simple steps when taking Cipro, you can help ensure that you receive safe and effective treatment for your condition.


Like any other antibiotic, ciprofloxacin has its own contraindications for use. First of all, they concern children, pregnant women, and nursing mothers. Different manufacturers do not recommend prescribing the drug for up to 12, 15, or even up to 18 years. The fact is that ciprofloxacin (drops, tablets, injections) negatively affects the development of bone tissue. That is why it is not prescribed during a period of intensive growth.

Although there are some exceptions, when ciprofloxacin indications for use are conditional. First of all, this concerns cystic fibrosis. The fact is that with this hereditary disease, the process of secretion production in the bronchi is disrupted, which leads to frequent and severe infections of the respiratory tract. Sometimes any other antibiotics in such children become ineffective. The same applies to other severe bacterial diseases, in which the flora remains sensitive only to the antibiotic ciprofloxacin.

With caution, ciprofloxacin is prescribed for severe renal or hepatic insufficiency, some mental illnesses, epilepsy. It should be noted that this antibiotic is quite safe. It has practically no negative effect on adult cells since those cell structures that it destroys are present only in bacteria.

What are the side effects of Cipro?

Cipro’s medicine, reviews, and instructions indicate this, it is well tolerated by patients. Most often, side effects are associated with the introduction of a solution into a vein and taking pills. Patients during therapy may experience:

  • headache or dizziness;
  • excitement, fatigue;
  • depression, fear, tremor;
  • sweating, hot flashes, visual disturbances;
  • flatulence, hepatitis, abdominal pain;
  • nausea or vomiting;
  • diarrhea, necrosis of hepatocytes;
  • tachycardia, high blood pressure (rare);
  • skin itching and rashes.


Cipro is an antibiotic belonging to the fluoroquinolone class, typically used to treat bacterial infections. The efficacy of this drug is undeniable, but it can also cause certain side effects that might make patients apprehensive about taking it. If you are looking for an alternative treatment option, there are several analogs of Cipro available that are similarly effective and have fewer risks associated with them. For instance, medications such as levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, and gemifloxacin all belong to the same class of antibiotics as Cipro and have been demonstrated to be just as successful in treating many kinds of bacterial infections. On top of these alternatives, other types of antibiotics, such as penicillins or cephalosporins, can also be applied where Cipro is not a recommended option due to contraindications or potential adverse reactions. It is, therefore, important to familiarise yourself with the various analogs available when considering treatment options with Cipro in order to ensure you receive safe and effective care for your condition. Doing so can help you make an informed decision on how best to manage your medical needs while minimizing any possible risks related to taking this type of medication.