Bump on the gum can be the result of development a serious disease in the oral cavity. Its formation is accompanied by the unpleasant symptoms and can seriously alert a person. It is important not to lose time and start the treatment immediately, as the complications of some diseases include loss of teeth and lesion of adjacent tissues (for example, jaw bone).
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Before starting the treatment of bump on the gums, you need to figure out its reason. Usually, it may indicate the development of the following diseases:
- fibroma is a benign tumor that consists of epithelial cells. Initially, it has a small size and don’t cause any inconveniences or painful feelings. Over time, fibroma can become malignant under the influence of negative factors. These bumps can be removed only surgically;
- gumboil is characterized by acute inflammation of periosteal tissue and formation of swelling with purulent content. It is caused by the infection, spreading across the oral cavity (for example, in case of caries);
- result of removing teeth – inflammatory process in the area of empty hole provokes the formation of uncharacteristic swelling. It is caused by release of pathogenic bacteria into the open wound due to the non-compliance of the guidelines for the care of oral cavity. Hard bump on the gum after tooth extraction is usually formed after 3-4 days;
- hematoma is a swelling, resulted from the gum injury (strong blow). It has a blue color and often doesn’t require medical intervention;
- cyst – the inflammation appears under the influence of the negative factors (for example, as a result of acute infectious diseases, low immunity or after the mechanical damage of soft tissues). Cystic bump on the gum is hard as bone and reaches up to 1 centimeter in size;
- gum cancer is the most dangerous disease, which can lead to death. It is characterized by the formation of bump, consisting of malignant cells. At early stages, the disease can be asymptomatic and manifest itself only after a few months.
Remember that the sooner the specialist determines the cause of bump on the gum below a tooth and prescribes treatment, the better the chances of quick recovery.
Growth of tumors on the gum can be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- painful feelings that can move from the gums and teeth to the head, ears and lymph nodes;
- increase of temperature;
- purulent discharge;
- bad breath;
- bleeding gums;
- swelling of soft tissues, including cheeks;
- slight itching of gums;
- general fatigue, weakness and lack of appetite.
Besides, the patient can experience high sensitivity of teeth and gums to the external influenced of cold or hot food.
Thorough examination is necessary to define whether the bump on the gum is dangerous and choose the right methods of its treatment. Following methods are used for diagnostics:
- visual examination;
- palpation of the affected area;
- computer tomography of teeth;
- diagnostics of hidden caries.
Along with this, you can be prescribed a full blood panel, whose results are used to determine the necessity of using antibiotics. To find out the group of microorganisms that provoked the disease, the doctor recommend doing bacterial swab test.
As a part of conventional treatment, the doctors use surgical methods of bump removal and drug therapy. In practice, these methods are usually used in combination.
Removal of the bump on the gum by means of surgery
Operative treatment is used when it is impossible to get rid of bump with the help of drugs. Surgical intervention is made with a mandatory use of analgesics. The type of disease that caused bump on the gum above a tooth will determine the progress of the whole operation. For example, in case of fibroma, the doctor completely excises the neoplasm, while in case of gumboil it is necessary to open the swelling and then put the device to drain the pus. If the bump is located on the gum near a sick tooth, the dentist will also fix it (he/she will clean the root canals and make the fillings).
Drug therapy implies the use of drugs able to stop the inflammation, remove the bump on the gums with no pain, disinfect the oral cavity, fight the harmful microorganisms, reduce temperature and remove swelling. White bump on the gum may indicate cancer. In that case, chemotherapy is obligatory.
The use of folk methods can be combined with traditional treatment. Rinses, compresses and ointments are used for the treatment of bump on the gum. To make them, you can use the following components:
- salt- it reduces swelling and relieves pain. It is added to the solutions for rinsing the oral cavity;
- chamomile – it is a medical plant with many useful properties. During the treatment of hum bumps, it suspends the development of inflammation processes and disinfect the oral cavity;
- oak bark is used to accelerate the healing of open wounds or for the treatment of bleeding gums;
- soda – it is used for pain relief. It is mixed with salt and diluted with water and used as a mouthwash 5-7 times a day;
- sage – it has an anti-inflammatory effect. Infusion of this plant is used for compresses;
- honey and bee glue reduce swelling and redness and anesthetize the treated area. They are used in the preparation of ointments;
- garlic – it has antiseptic and antimicrobial properties. Don’t use this drug if you have open wounds, as it can irritate the mucous membrane and thereby strengthen the pain.